- (1859-1938)philosopher; devised phenomenology, a method of probing beneath external existence to a positive perception of fun-damental essence. Born of Jewish parentage in the Habsburg city of Prossnitz, he studied mathematics at Berlin* and psychology at Vienna and taught at Halle, Gottingen, and Freiburg (from 1916). His circle of skilled students was such that when he was called in 1923 to succeed Ernst Troeltsch* at Berlin, he chose to remain at Freiburg.Because philosophy was for Husserl a science, he was convinced that it en-compassed objective truths. Although his 1901 work Logische Untersuchungen (Logical investigations) pronounced philosophy an a priori discipline, his 1913 Ideen zu einer reinen Phanomenologie und phanomenologischen Philosophie (Ideas about a pure phenomenology and phenomenological philosophy) provided a program for investigating consciousness and its objects by suspending belief in the empirical world as a means of gaining a vantage point in subjective consciousness. The methodology inspired philosophers in the United States and Germany, notably Martin Heidegger* (who succeeded Husserl in 1928), and laid a foundation for Gestalt psychology. It was the methodology, as opposed to any incontestable philosophical truths, that established Husserl s importance. When he retired, he had published eight books or long articles; he also had 45,000 pages of manuscript in shorthand. None of his work laid claim to being definitive, for he enjoyed characterizing himself as "a perpetual beginner."Although his family had converted to Protestantism in 1866, Husserl was deprived of his professorial title in 1933. He was reinstated when records re-vealed that his son had fallen honorably in World War I, but the title was again withheld in 1936. He remained in Freiburg until his death, but was increasingly subjected to social indignities.REFERENCES:Cambridge Biographical Dictionary; EP, vol. 4; Farber, Foundation of Phenomenology; Natanson, Edmund Husserl; NDB, vol. 10.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
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Husserl, Edmund — born April 8, 1859, Prossnitz, Moravia, Austrian Empire died April 27, 1938, Freiburg im Breisgau, Ger. German philosopher, founder of phenomenology. He received a doctoral degree in mathematics at the University of Vienna in 1882. From 1883 to… … Universalium
Husserl, Edmund — ► (1859 1938) Filósofo alemán. En Viena, donde iba a realizar investigaciones matemáticas, conoció al filósofo Franz Brentano y decidió orientarse hacia la filosofía. Profesó primero el psicologismo, que luego abandonó por la fenomenología.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Husserl,Edmund — Hus·serl (ho͝osʹərl, ĕrl), Edmund. 1859 1938. Austrian born German philosopher and mathematician. A leader in the development of phenomenology, he had a major influence on the existentialists. * * * … Universalium
Husserl, Edmund — (1859 1938) German philosopher. Born in Prossnitz, Moravia, he studied at the universities of Leipzig, Berlin and Vienna. He converted to Protestantism. He taught at the University of Halle, and then at the universities of Gottingen and… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Husserl, Edmund — See Phenomenology ( … History of philosophy
HUSSERL, EDMUND GUSTAV ALBRECHT — (1859–1938), German philosopher, the founder of phenomenological philosophy. Husserl was born in Prossnitz, Moravia (then part of Austria). He studied mathematics, physics, and astronomy at the universities of Leipzig, Berlin, and Vienna, where… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Husserl, Edmund Gustav Albert — (1859–1938) German mathematician and a principal founder of phenomenology . Trained at Leipzig and Berlin, Husserl discovered philosophy by attending lectures of Brentano in Vienna. He subsequently taught at Halle, Göttingen, and Freiburg. From… … Philosophy dictionary
Husserl, Edmund Gustav Albert — (1859 1938) See phenomenology … Dictionary of sociology
HUSSERL, Edmund Gustav Alberta — (1859 1938) German philosopher and founder of PHENOMENOLOGY whose complex work attempts to go beyond KANT and gain an understanding of the essential structures of human consciousness. His work greatly influenced many modern thinkers including… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Гуссерль Эдмунд / Husserl, Edmund — (1859 1938). Гуссерля по праву считают основателем и наиболее выдающимся представителем феноменологии, науки о созерцании сущностей, предписывающей начинать философское исследование с феноменов сознания, ибо только феномены сознания могут… … Психологическая энциклопедия